Trafficking Victims Protection Act
In January 2014, the Arkansas UCR NIBRS Program began collecting offense and arrest data regarding human trafficking as authorized by the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008. The act requires the FBI to collect human trafficking offense data and to make distinctions between prostitution, assisting or promoting prostitution, and purchasing prostitution.
To comply with the Wilberforce Act, the national UCR Program created two additional offenses in the National Incident-Based Reporting System for which the UCR NIBRS Program collects both offense and arrest data. The definitions for these offenses are:
Human Trafficking/Commercial Sex Acts: inducing a person by force, fraud, or coercion to participate in commercial sex acts, or in which the person induced to perform such act(s) has not attained 18 years of age.
Human Trafficking/Involuntary Servitude: the obtaining of a person(s) through recruitment, harboring, transportation, or provision, and subjecting such persons by force, fraud, or coercion into involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery (not to include commercial sex acts).
The Blue Campaign infographic resources will help you to answer the question, “What is Human Trafficking?” Through the Blue Campaign, The Department of Homeland Security raises public awareness about human trafficking, leveraging partnerships to educate the public to recognize human trafficking and report suspected instances. The Blue Campaign also offers training to law enforcement and others to increase detection and investigation of human trafficking, and to protect victims and bring suspected traffickers to justice.
This 3-minute video is a preview of an 9-part video series that is designed to raise awareness of human trafficking. The series is intended to be used for outreach and education efforts of service providers, law enforcement, prosecutors, and others in the community. The series will include information about sex and labor trafficking, multidisciplinary approaches to serving victims of human trafficking, effective victim services, legal needs, and voices of survivors.
Human trafficking, also known as trafficking in persons or modern-day slavery, is a crime that involves the exploitation of a person for the purpose of compelled sex or labor.
Victims of human trafficking come from all walks of life. Anyone can be a victim—regardless of race, color, national origin, disability, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, socioeconomic status, education level, or citizenship status. Although there is no defining characteristic that all victims share, traffickers frequently prey on individuals who are poor, vulnerable, living in an unsafe situation, or are in search of a better life. Learn More >>
Since 2003, the Office for Victims of Crime, with funding authorized by the Trafficking Victims Prevention Act (TVPA), has supported the development and enhancement of programs designed to provide a comprehensive array of culturally competent services to victims of human trafficking. Learn More >>